here are some bits from the psg art tutorial by Arne Niklas Jansson

it’s incredibly useful and very comprehensive so please, check it out!

img 1: sub-surface scattering

Sub-surface scattering - Strong light can penetrate the surface of some materials and bounce around, then exit again. This will increase the saturation and make the surface look illuminated from the inside. In the case with human skin, we sometimes see it on hard edges between light and shadow. 

img 2: layer passes

  • Feel volume and angle of the form.
  • Where is the light coming from?
  • Try to figure out if there are any shadows that might be falling on the surface.
  • Is there any reflected light (radiosity) that hits the surface?
  • What is the ambient color of the scene? (sorta like global reflected light.)
  • Any speculars. Is the surface gloss/wet and also angled so it reflects a light source, such as the sky?
  • The exposure level. Perhaps it’s so heavily lit that it becomes more than white? Perhaps it’s so dark that even the brightest spot is hidden in darkness.
  • Is there any fog in the way?
  • The texture of the surface.

Note that this mainly goes for realistic styles. A brushstroke should also look efficient and consistent with the rest of the painting and your color scheme choice. You might also have an idea or style which disallows certain colors or textures and puts priority on other things. However, even in a powerpuff girls illustration there’s simplified elements of realistic rendering. Don’t hide behind “it’s not apart of my style so I’m not gonna learn it”.

img 3: speculars

There’s really just one kind of light. It bounces. You can only see the light (photon) if it enters your eye. Light does two important things when it hits a surface. First, a part of it is absorbed. This is how colors are made. A red apple reflects mostly red wavelengths, the rest are absorbed and turned into heat or something. That’s why black stuff get so hot in the sun. Anyways, the reflected light bounce away differently depending on the surface. If the surface is bumpy it will bounce away sort of randomly, like a tennis ball that hits rocky terrain. If the surface is smooth it will bounce away in a predictable path. A mirror is very smooth so the light comes back undistorted, so we can see our reflection.

Note that all surfaces have speculars, because speculars is just reflected light. It’s just more broken up/diluted on dull surfaces.

img 4: radiosity

Here on earth we have lots of stuff around us that the light can bounce off, so things here are more or less lit from all angles. For example we have the sky which is like a dome shaped blue light source. Then theres the ground, walls and other surfaces. In space there’s basically just one light source, the sun. This is why the moon just has a lit and shadowed side, and looks kind of flat. If you looks carefully however, you can see earthlight on the shadow side of the moon, but it’s very weak. Then there’s starlight, which I guess is even weaker.

When light hits a surface and bounces, it also change color. If it hits another surface of the same color it bounced off, it will make that surface look even more saturated.

Reblogged from simonist


So did anyone else watch the snk ova which included a precious widdle babby jean fucking kiRSCHTEIN?!

like okay. I’m an Armin fan through and through, but holy shit baby jean with his precious widdle chub face was enough to slay me like no other.

so I decided in honor of this precious little nerd, I’d make that yummy dinner style omurice that he’s eating in the gif above.

Now, as y’all probably don’t know unless you’re stalkinig me, I had a really shitty stomach flu (thanks to my dumb sister who I caught it from), so I actually didn’t eat for like 2 days, and this is one of the first actual meals that I’m eating. Because of this, I decided I wanted some delicious fuckin beef sausage in this dish, which is why I added it there despite it probably not existing in jean’s own dish. If you want to incorporate sausages into your dish like I did, follow the instructions as written. If you wanna be a basic bitch and ditch the meat, be my fuckin guest.


Babby Kirschtein’s Dinner Omurice
(serves: 1 lol like you have anyone else to eat it with anyway u loner)

Ingredients for Omurice-

  • 1 cup cooked rice
  • 1 beef sausage*, butterflied
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 1/2 Tbsp ketchup
  • 2 cloves garlic
  • 1 pinch of salt
  • 1 pinch of black pepper

*so since my family’s full of russian FOB’s, they took to considering hot dogs as sausages, so what other people call hot dogs, I call a sausage. That’s what I’m using in this recipe. I’m using a beef sausage because they’re juicy as fuck and the juice gets all over the rice and enhances the flavor a shit ton.

Ingredients for the sauce-

  • 1/2 cup red wine (I used Chianti)
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 1/4 cup ketchup
  • 3 tsp garlic powder
  • 1 beef sausage, butterflied
  • 3 Tbsp tonkatsu sauce


Procedure for Omurice-

  • butterfly two beef sausages and fry over medium high heat them until they brown and start kind of flaying up a bit. Chop them both up into moderately small pieces when done, and save one of them for the rice, and the other for the sauce.
  • get your garlic and smash it with a hella large knife. Once mashed, mince it with the knife into super teeny pieces. Throw it into the rice and mix that shit around.
  • In the same pan that the sausages were friend in, add the rice/garlic, and one of the chopped up sausages. Allow the mixture to heat up and brown a teeny bit.
  • Push the mixture onto one side of the pan and put your ketchup straight onto the pan. Let it heat up for about 30 seconds because fuckin idk it tastes better that way.
  • Mix it into the rice and allow it to cook for about 2 more minutes.
  • Once it’s done, put it on a plate and mold that shit to make it look cute.
  • Now for the eggs, beat those lil shits and add a pinch of salt and pepper fo dat flava.
  • heat up a large pan to high heat and add a bit of cooking spray/olive oil/canola oil to keep the egg from sticking.
  • throw the beaten eggs on there and move the pan around so the eggs are spread into a thin, crepe like circle.
  • Once that’s done, lay it on top of the rice and fold it over the rice all pretty like.

Procedure for the Sauce-

  • In a large saucepan, heat the wine until it reduces by half
  • add the rest of the ingredients, as well as the second sausage and cook until it’s bubbling like a shit ton.
  • Pour dat shit onto your omurice and make it look majestic and dinner-like as fuck.
  • Feed it to your adorable babby jean haha OH WAIT YOU DON’T HAVE A BABBY JEAN.


AND BAM. We done. You made mama kirschtein proud and you made babby kirschtein even hungrier.

Enjoy eating your delicious fuckin omurice for dinner by yourself as you cry over the snk OVA’s with all of your heart and soul.


Reblogged from elvendashears


"Today it begins. Album 2…” (x)


"Today it begins. Album 2…” (x)

Reblogged from imaginedragonsdaily


I made a slideshow about how to create a fictional character… I got most of the information from the ‘start writing fiction’ (free) course on the OpenUniversity website and found it incredibly useful so here’s a visual version for you :)

Reblogged from artist-refs

18 Life Hacks/Tricks to Simplify Your Life #311


1. When doing long assignments, set a 30 minute timer, and race it. This will prevent you from procrastination.

2. All frustrations are self induced. The outside world can invite us to become upset, but ultimately it is us which accept the invitation.

3. Have a stomach ache? Lay on your left side and rub your stomach in clockwise circles. It’ll help!

4. If people are gossiping about you, remember: Birds peck at the best fruit.

5. Buy one, get one free. Then get a refund and keep the free one.

6. When a younger sibling asks you to look at something, look at it. Your seal of approval means the world to them

7. The key to happiness is spending your money on experiences rather than possessions.

Read More

Reblogged from ultrafacts

How to color eggs with onion shells.



This must be the most beautiful DIY tutorial I have ever seen. And it so happens to be in style of this weekend. Found on Ulicam, a very nice blog by Ulrika Kestere, photographer and illustrator. For the whole tutorial and lot’s of inspiration, click here.

Reblogged from missunstablewillgraham





(Source: blowsive)

Reblogged from colassaltit


(x) (x)

Reblogged from shizuoos

Reblogged from shizutanii


How Frozen Should Have Ended

Reblogged from viria

Patterns from Subtle Patterns (Subtle Patterns) / CC BY-SA 3.0